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Since 2000,more sophisticated HIV epidemiological data collected among MSM in Asia indicates high levels of infection rates in many countries including Thailand, Indonesia and China despite low infection levels among general populations1). This paper aims to
Present data on HIV risk and infection rates among MSM in Asia, in particular North Eastern Asia, including Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Singapore, and compare it with data regarding Japanese MSM. Furthermore, travel and immigration data will be presented to elucidate the level of gay and bisexual men traveling between Asia and Japan. In conclusion, Japan shares a number of features with the Asian epidemic, including late appearance of HIV infection by global standards, previous assumptions of a heterosexual sexual epidemic due to lack of adequate HIV epidemiological surveys in homosexual populations, diverse homosexual identities, high levels of social and structural stigma which have resulted in low levels of government funding and services for gay and bisexual men.